Communications in Mathematics |

The scope of this note is a self-contained presentation of a mathematical method that enables us to give an absolute upper bound for the difference of the Gini coefficients |G(σ1, . . ., σn) − G(γ1, . . . , γn)| , where (γ1, . . . , γn) represents the vector of the gross wages and (σ1, . . . , σn) represents the vector of the corresponding super-gross wages that is used in the Czech Republic for calculating the net wage. Since (as of June 2019) σi = 100 ⎡ 1.34 γi /100⎤, the study of the above difference seems to be somewhat inaccessible for many economists. However, our estimate based on the presented technique implies that the introduction of the super-gross wage concept does not essentially affect the value of the Gini coefficient as sometimes expected.

Necessary and sufficient conditions in terms of lower cut sets are given for the insertion of a Baire-.5 function between two comparable real-valued functions on the topological spaces that F σ-kernel of sets are F σ-sets.

The quon algebra is an approach to particle statistics in order to provide a theory in which the Pauli exclusion principle and Bose statistics are violated by a small amount. The quons are particles whose annihilation and creation operators obey the quon algebra which interpolates between fermions and bosons. In this paper we generalize these models by introducing a deformation of the quon algebra generated by a collection of operators a i,k, (i, k) ∈ ℕ* × [m], on an infinite dimensional vector space satisfying the deformed q-mutator relations a j , l a i , k † […]

In this paper, we introduce a new class of boundary value problem for nonlinear fractional differential equations involving the Erdélyi-Kober differential operator on an infinite interval. Existence and uniqueness results for a positive solution of the given problem are obtained by using the Banach contraction principle, the Leray-Schauder nonlinear alternative, and Guo-Krasnosel’skii fixed point theorem in a special Banach space. To that end, some examples are presented to illustrate the usefulness of our main results.

Sufficient oscillation conditions involving lim sup and lim inf for first-order differential equations with non-monotone deviating arguments and nonnegative coefficients are obtained. The results are based on the iterative application of the Grönwall inequality. Examples, numerically solved in MATLAB, are also given to illustrate the applicability and strength of the obtained conditions over known ones.

In this work, the fractional Lie symmetry method is applied for symmetry analysis of time fractional Kupershmidt equation. Using the Lie symmetry method, the symmetry generators for time fractional Kupershmidt equation are obtained with Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative. With the help of symmetry generators, the fractional partial differential equation is reduced into the fractional ordinary differential equation using Erdélyi-Kober fractional differential operator. The conservation laws are determined for the time fractional Kupershmidt equation with the help of new conservation theorem and fractional Noether operators. The explicit analytic solutions of fractional Kupershmidt equation are obtained using the power series method. Also, the convergence of the power series solutions is discussed by using the implicit function theorem.