Nikita Kalinin ; Yulieth Prieto - Some statistics about Tropical Sandpile Model

cm:10500 - Communications in Mathematics, June 18, 2023, Volume 31 (2023), Issue 3 (Special issue: in memory of Sergei Duzhin) -
Some statistics about Tropical Sandpile ModelArticle

Authors: Nikita Kalinin ; Yulieth Prieto

    Tropical sandpile model (or linearized sandpile model) is the only known continuous geometric model exhibiting self-organised criticality. This model represents the scaling limit behavior of a small perturbation of the maximal stable sandpile state on a big subset of $\mathbb Z^2$. Given a set $P$ of points in a compact convex domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^2$ this linearized model produces a tropical polynomial $G_P{\bf 0}_\Omega$. Here we present some quantitative statistical characteristics of this model and some speculative explanations. Namely, we study the dependence between the number $n$ of randomly dropped points $P=\{p_1,\dots,p_n\}\subset[0,1]^2=\Omega$ and the degree of the tropical polynomial $G_{P}{\bf 0}_\Omega$. We also study the distributions of the coefficients of $G_{P}{\bf 0}_\Omega$ and the correlation between them. This paper's main (experimental) result is that the tropical curve $C(G_{P}{\bf 0}_\Omega)$ defined by $G_{P}{\bf 0}_\Omega$ is a small perturbation of the standard square grid lines. This explains a previously known fact that most of the edges of the tropical curve $C(G_{P}{\bf 0}_\Omega)$ are of directions $(1,0),(0,1),(1,1),(-1,1)$. The main theoretical result is that $C(G_{P}{\bf 0}_\Omega)\setminus (P\cap \partial\Omega)$, i.e. the tropical curve in $\Omega^\circ$ with marked points $P$ removed, is a tree.

    Volume: Volume 31 (2023), Issue 3 (Special issue: in memory of Sergei Duzhin)
    Published on: June 18, 2023
    Accepted on: June 2, 2023
    Submitted on: December 17, 2022
    Keywords: Mathematics - Combinatorics,Mathematics - Dynamical Systems

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