## Rafael Reno S. Cantuba - Extended commutator algebra for the $q$-oscillator and a related Askey-Wilson algebra

cm:10820 - Communications in Mathematics, July 10, 2023, Volume 32 (2024), Issue 2 (Special issue: CIMPA schools "Nonassociative Algebras and related topics, Brazil'2023" and "Current Trends in Algebra, Philippines'2024") - https://doi.org/10.46298/cm.10820
Extended commutator algebra for the $q$-oscillator and a related Askey-Wilson algebra

Authors: Rafael Reno S. Cantuba

Let $q$ be a nonzero complex number that is not a root of unity. In the $q$-oscillator with commutation relation $a a^+-qa^+ a =1$, it is known that the smallest commutator algebra of operators containing the creation and annihilation operators $a^+$ and $a$ is the linear span of $a^+$ and $a$, together with all operators of the form ${a^+}^l{\left[a,a^+\right]}^k$, and ${\left[a,a^+\right]}^k a ^l$, where $l$ is a nonnegative integer and $k$ is a positive integer. That is, linear combinations of operators of the form $a ^h$ or $(a^+)^h$ with $h\geq 2$ or $h=0$ are outside the commutator algebra generated by $a$ and $a^+$. This is a solution to the Lie polynomial characterization problem for the associative algebra generated by $a^+$ and $a$. In this work, we extend the Lie polynomial characterization into the associative algebra $\mathcal{P}=\mathcal{P}(q)$ generated by $a$, $a^+$, and the operator $e^{\omega N}$ for some nonzero real parameter $\omega$, where $N$ is the number operator, and we relate this to a $q$-oscillator representation of the Askey-Wilson algebra $AW(3)$.

Volume: Volume 32 (2024), Issue 2 (Special issue: CIMPA schools "Nonassociative Algebras and related topics, Brazil'2023" and "Current Trends in Algebra, Philippines'2024")
Published on: July 10, 2023
Accepted on: June 27, 2023
Submitted on: January 17, 2023
Keywords: Mathematics - Rings and Algebras,Mathematics - Quantum Algebra,47L30, 17B60, 17B65, 16S15, 81R50