Communications in Mathematics |

Editors: Friedrich Wagemann & Ivan Kaygorodov

We prove that every local derivation on a complex semisimple finite-dimensional Leibniz algebra is a derivation.

The Lie algebra of infinitesimal isometries of a Riemannian manifold contains at most two commutative ideals. One coming from the horizontal nullity space of the Nijenhuis tensor of the canonical connection, the other coming from the constant vectors fields independent of the Riemannian metric.

This paper is devoted to several new results concerning (standard) octonion polynomials. The first is the determination of the roots of all right scalar multiples of octonion polynomials. The roots of left multiples are also discussed, especially over fields of characteristic not 2. We then turn to study the dynamics of monic quadratic real octonion polynomials, classifying the fixed points into attracting, repelling and ambivalent, and concluding with a discussion on the behavior of pseudo-periodic points.

This paper introduces two new algorithms for Lie algebras over finite fields and applies them to the investigate the known simple Lie algebras of dimension at most $20$ over the field $\mathbb{F}_2$ with two elements. The first algorithm is a new approach towards the construction of $\mathbb{Z}_2$-gradings of a Lie algebra over a finite field of characteristic $2$. Using this, we observe that each of the known simple Lie algebras of dimension at most $20$ over $\mathbb{F}_2$ has a $\mathbb{Z}_2$-grading and we determine the associated simple Lie superalgebras. The second algorithm allows us to compute all subalgebras of a Lie algebra over a finite field. We apply this to compute the subalgebras, the maximal subalgebras and the simple subquotients of the known simple Lie algebras of dimension at most $16$ over $\mathbb{F}_2$ (with the exception of the $15$-dimensional Zassenhaus algebra).

In this paper, we study the generalized derivation of a Lie sub-algebra of the Lie algebra of polynomial vector fields on $\mathbb{R}^n$ where $n\geq1$, containing all constant vector fields and the Euler vector field, under some conditions on this Lie sub-algebra.

The purpose of this paper is to study Lie-Rinehart superalgebras over characteristic zero fields, which are consisting of a supercommutative associative superalgebra $A$ and a Lie superalgebra $L$ that are compatible in a certain way. We discuss their structure and provide a classification in small dimensions. We describe all possible pairs defining a Lie-Rinehart superalgebra for $\dim(A)\leq 2$ and $\dim(L)\leq 4$. Moreover, we construct a cohomology complex and develop a theory of formal deformations based on formal power series and this cohomology.

A Rota-Baxter Leibniz algebra is a Leibniz algebra $(\mathfrak{g},[~,~]_{\mathfrak{g}})$ equipped with a Rota-Baxter operator $T : \mathfrak{g} \rightarrow \mathfrak{g}$. We define representation and dual representation of Rota-Baxter Leibniz algebras. Next, we define a cohomology theory of Rota-Baxter Leibniz algebras. We also study the infinitesimal and formal deformation theory of Rota-Baxter Leibniz algebras and show that our cohomology is deformation cohomology. Moreover, We define an abelian extension of Rota-Baxter Leibniz algebras and show that equivalence classes of such extensions are related to the cohomology groups.

We define a homology theory for pre-crossed modules that specifies to rack homology in the case when the pre-crossed module is freely generated by a rack.

Let $\mathfrak{n}$ be a maximal nilpotent subalgebra of a simple complex Lie algebra with root system $\Phi$. A subset $D$ of the set $\Phi^+$ of positive roots is called a rook placement if it consists of roots with pairwise non-positive scalar products. To each rook placement $D$ and each map $\xi$ from $D$ to the set $\mathbb{C}^{\times}$ of nonzero complex numbers one can naturally assign the coadjoint orbit $\Omega_{D,\xi}$ in the dual space $\mathfrak{n}^*$. By definition, $\Omega_{D,\xi}$ is the orbit of $f_{D,\xi}$, where $f_{D,\xi}$ is the sum of root covectors $e_{\alpha}^*$ multiplied by $\xi(\alpha)$, $\alpha\in D$. (In fact, almost all coadjoint orbits studied at the moment have such a form for certain $D$ and $\xi$.) It follows from the results of AndrĂ¨ that if $\xi_1$ and $\xi_2$ are distinct maps from $D$ to $\mathbb{C}^{\times}$ then $\Omega_{D,\xi_1}$ and $\Omega_{D,\xi_2}$ do not coincide for classical root systems $\Phi$. We prove that this is true if $\Phi$ is of type $G_2$, or if $\Phi$ is of type $F_4$ and $D$ is orthogonal.