Communications in Mathematics |

Editors: Sofiane Bouarroudj & Dimitry Leites

Selected stories about the life of A. L. Onishchik, and a review of his contribution to the classification of non-split supermanifolds, in particular, supercurves a.k.a. superstrings; his editorial and educational work. A brief overview of his and his students' results in supersymmetry, and their impact on other researchers. Several open problems growing out of Onishchik's research are presented, some of them are related with odd parameters of deformations and non-holonomic structures of supermanifolds important in physical models, such as Minkowski superspaces and certain superstrings.

Let $\mathfrak{d}$ be the Lie superalgebra of superderivations of the sheaf of sections of the exterior algebra of the homogeneous vector bundle $E$ over the flag variety $G/P$, where $G$ is a simple finite-dimensional complex Lie group and $P$ its parabolic subgroup. Then, $\mathfrak{d}$ is transitive and irreducible whenever $E$ is defined by an irreducible $P$-module $V$ such that the highest weight of $V^*$ is dominant. Moreover, $\mathfrak{d}$ is simple; it is isomorphic to the Lie superalgebra of vector fields on the superpoint, i.e., on a $0|n$-dimensional supervariety.

The "curved" super Grassmannian is the supervariety of subsupervarieties of purely odd dimension $k$ in a~supervariety of purely odd dimension $n$, unlike the "usual" super Grassmannian which is the supervariety of linear subsuperspacies of purely odd dimension $k$ in a~superspace of purely odd dimension $n$. The Lie superalgebras of all and Hamiltonian vector fields on the superpoint are realized as Lie superalgebras of derivations of the structure sheaves of certain "curved" super Grassmannians,

Here, I study the problem of classification of non-split supermanifolds having as retract the split supermanifold $(M,\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is the sheaf of holomorphic forms on a given complex manifold $M$ of dimension $> 1$. I propose a general construction associating with any $d$-closed $(1,1)$-form $\omega$ on $M$ a supermanifold with retract $(M,\Omega)$ which is non-split whenever the Dolbeault class of $\omega$ is non-zero. In particular, this gives a non-empty family of non-split supermanifolds for any flag manifold $M\ne \mathbb{CP}^1$. In the case where $M$ is an irreducible compact Hermitian symmetric space, I get a complete classification of non-split supermanifolds with retract $(M,\Omega)$. For each of these supermanifolds, the 0- and 1-cohomology with values in the tangent sheaf are calculated. As an example, I study the $\Pi$-symmetric super-Grassmannians introduced by Yu. Manin.

I classified bilinear differential operators acting in the spaces of tensor fields on any real or complex manifold and invariant with respect to the diffeomorphisms in 1980. Here I give the details of the proof.

We describe functorially the first Galois cohomology set $H^1({\mathbb R},G)$ of a connected reductive algebraic group $G$ over the field $\mathbb R$ of real numbers in terms of a certain action of the Weyl group on the real points of order dividing 2 of the maximal torus containing a maximal compact torus. This result was announced with a sketch of proof in the author's 1988 note. Here we give a detailed proof.

In this note I prove a~claim on determinants of some special tridiagonal matrices. Together with my result about Fibonacci partitions (arXiv:math/0307150), this claim allows one to prove one (slightly strengthened) Shallit's result about such partitions.

Any complex-analytic supermanifold whose retract is diffeomorphic to the complex projective superline (superstring) $CP^{1|4}$ is, up to a diffeomorphism, either a member of a 1-parameter family or one of 9 exceptional supermanifolds. I singled out the homogeneous of these supermanifolds and described Lie superalgebras of vector fields on them.

Let $\mathbf L_k$ be the holomorphic line bundle of degree $k \in \mathbb Z$ on the projective line. Here, the tuples $(k_1 k_2 k_3 k_4)$ for which there does not exists homogeneous non-split supermanifolds $CP^{1|4}_{k_1 k_2 k_3 k_4}$ associated with the vector bundle $\mathbf L_{−k_1} \oplus \mathbf L _{−k_2} \oplus \mathbf L_{−k_3} \oplus \mathbf L_{−k_4}$ are classified. \\For many types of the remaining tuples, there are listed cocycles that determine homogeneous non-split supermanifolds. \\Proofs follow the lines indicated in the paper Bunegina V.A., Onishchik A.L., Homogeneous supermanifolds associated with the complex projective line.neous supermanifolds associated with the complex projective line. J. Math. Sci. V. 82 (1996)3503--3527.

All supermanifolds whose retract $T^{m|n}$ is determined by the trivial bundle of rank $n$ over the torus $T^m$ are $\overline 0$-homogeneous if and only if $T^{m|n}$ is homogeneous.