Communications in Mathematics |

Editors: Adam Chapman, Ivan Kaygorodov & Mohamed Elhamdadi

Let $q$ be a nonzero complex number that is not a root of unity. In the $q$-oscillator with commutation relation $ a a^+-qa^+ a =1$, it is known that the smallest commutator algebra of operators containing the creation and annihilation operators $a^+$ and $ a $ is the linear span of $a^+$ and $ a $, together with all operators of the form ${a^+}^l{\left[a,a^+\right]}^k$, and ${\left[a,a^+\right]}^k a ^l$, where $l$ is a nonnegative integer and $k$ is a positive integer. That is, linear combinations of operators of the form $ a ^h$ or $(a^+)^h$ with $h\geq 2$ or $h=0$ are outside the commutator algebra generated by $ a $ and $a^+$. This is a solution to the Lie polynomial characterization problem for the associative algebra generated by $a^+$ and $ a $. In this work, we extend the Lie polynomial characterization into the associative algebra $\mathcal{P}=\mathcal{P}(q)$ generated by $ a $, $a^+$, and the operator $e^{\omega N}$ for some nonzero real parameter $\omega$, where $N$ is the number operator, and we relate this to a $q$-oscillator representation of the Askey-Wilson algebra $AW(3)$.

Leibniz superalgebras with nilindex $n + m$ and characteristic sequence $(n-1, 1 \ | \ m)$ divided into four parametric classes that contain a set of non-isomorphic superalgebras. In this paper, we give a complete classification of solvable Leibniz superalgebras whose nilradical is a nilpotent Leibniz superalgebra with nilindex $n + m$ and characteristic sequence $(n-1, 1 \ | \ m)$. We obtain a condition for the value of parameters of the classes of such nilpotent superalgebras for which they have a solvable extension. Moreover, the classification of solvable Leibniz superalgebras whose nilradical is a Lie superalgebra with the maximal nilindex is given.

It is shown that the variety of transposed Poisson algebras coincides with the variety of Gelfand-Dorfman algebras in which the Novikov multiplication is commutative. The GrÃ¶bner-Shirshov basis for the transposed Poisson operad is calculated up to degree 4. Furthermore, we demonstrate that every transposed Poisson algebra is F-manifold. We verify that the special identities of GD-algebras hold in transposed Poisson algebras. Finally, we propose a conjecture stating that every transposed Poisson algebra is special, i.e., can be embedded into a differential Poisson algebra.

We introduce the notions of alternating roots of polynomials and alternating polynomials over a Cayley-Dickson algebra, and prove a connection between the alternating roots of a given polynomial and the roots of the corresponding alternating polynomial over the Cayley-Dickson doubling of the algebra. We also include a detailed Octave code for the computation of alternating roots over Hamilton's quaternions.

Extending the theory of systems, we introduce a theory of Lie semialgebra ``pairs'' which parallels the classical theory of Lie algebras, but with a ``null set'' replacing $0$. A selection of examples is given. These Lie pairs comprise two categories in addition to the universal algebraic definition, one with ``weak Lie morphisms'' preserving null sums, and the other with ``$\preceq$-morphisms'' preserving a surpassing relation $\preceq$ that replaces equality. We provide versions of the PBW (Poincare-Birkhoff-Witt) Theorem in these three categories.

In this paper we describe the polynomial identities of degree 4 for a certain subspace of the Weyl algebra A_1 over an infinite field of arbitrary characteristic.