Communications in Mathematics |
We classify the left-invariant sub-Riemannian structures on the unique five-dimensional simply connected two-step nilpotent Lie group with two-dimensional commutator subgroup; this 5D group is the first twostep nilpotent Lie group beyond the three-and five-dimensional Heisenberg groups. Alongside, we also present a classification, up to automorphism, of the subspaces of the associated Lie algebra (together with a complete set of invariants).
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the train/track induced loads on the substructure by modelling the wheel, at each instant, as a moving sinusoidal pulse applied in a very short period of time. This assumption has the advantage of being more realistic as it reduces the impact of time on the load definition. To that end, mass, stiffness, and dumping matrices of an elementary section of track will be determined. As a result, the equations of motion of a section of track subjected to a sinusoidal pulse and a rectangular pulse respectively is concluded. Two numerical methods of resolution of that equation, depending on the nature of the dumping matrix, will be presented. The computation results will be compared in order to conclude about the relevance of that load model. This approach is used in order to assess the nature and the value of the loads received by the substructure.
The interest in orthogonal polynomials and random Fourier series in numerous branches of science and a few studies on random Fourier series in orthogonal polynomials inspired us to focus on random Fourier series in Jacobi polynomials. In the present note, an attempt has been made to investigate the stochastic convergence of some random Jacobi series. We looked into the random series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty d_n r_n(\omega)\varphi_n(y)$ in orthogonal polynomials $\varphi_n(y)$ with random variables $r_n(\omega).$ The random coefficients $r_n(\omega)$ are the Fourier-Jacobi coefficients of continuous stochastic processes such as symmetric stable process and Wiener process. The $\varphi_n(y)$ are chosen to be the Jacobi polynomials and their variants depending on the random variables associated with the kind of stochastic process. The convergence of random series is established for different parameters $\gamma,\delta$ of the Jacobi polynomials with corresponding choice of the scalars $d_n$ which are Fourier-Jacobi coefficients of a suitable class of continuous functions. The sum functions of the random Fourier-Jacobi series associated with continuous stochastic processes are observed to be the stochastic integrals. The continuity properties of the sum functions are also discussed.
Let $N(G)$ be the set of conjugacy classes sizes of $G$. We prove that if $N(G)=\Omega\times \{1,n\}$ for specific set $\Omega$ of integers, then $G\simeq A\times B$ where $N(A)=\Omega$, $N(B)=\{1,n\}$, and $n$ is a power of prime.
The phrase "(co)simplicial (pre)sheaf" can be reasonably interpreted in multiple ways. In this survey we study how the various notions familiar to the author relate to one another. We end by giving some example applications of the most general of these notions.
In this paper we give simple extension and uniqueness theorems for restricted additive and logarithmic functional equations.
This paper determined the components of the generalized curvature tensor for the class of Kenmotsu type and established the mentioned class is {\eta}-Einstein manifold when the generalized curvature tensor is flat; the converse holds true under suitable conditions. It also introduced the notion of generalized {\Phi}-holomorphic sectional (G{\Phi}SH-) curvature tensor and thus found the necessary and sufficient conditions for the class of Kenmotsu type to be of constant G{\Phi}SH-curvature. In addition, the notion of {\Phi}-generalized semi-symmetric was introduced and its relationship with the class of Kenmotsu type and {\eta}-Einstein manifold established. Furthermore, this paper generalized the notion of the manifold of constant curvature and deduced its relationship with the aforementioned ideas. It finally showed that the class of Kenmotsu type exists as a hypersurface of the Hermitian manifold and derived a relation between the components of the Riemannian curvature tensors of the almost Hermitian manifold and its hypersurfaces.
In this manuscripts, we consider the coupled differential-integral equations including the variable-order Caputo fractional operator. To solve numerically these type of equations, we apply the shifted Jacobi-Gauss collocation scheme. Using this numerical method a system of algebraic equations is constructed. We solve this system with a recursive method in the nonlinear case and we solve it in linear case with algebraic formulas. Finally, for the high performance of the suggested method three Examples are illustrated.