Volume 32 (2024), Issue 1

1. Certain Paracontact Metrics Satisfying the Critical Point Equation

Dhriti Patra.
The aim of this paper is to study theCPE (Critical Point Equation) on some paracontact metric manifolds.First, we prove that if a para-Sasakian metric satisfies the CPE,then it is Einstein with constant scalar curvature -2n(2n+1). Next,we prove that if $(\kappa,\mu)$-paracontact metric satisfies theCPE, then it is locally isometric to the product of a flat$(n+1)$-dimensional manifold and $n$-dimensional manifold ofnegative constant curvature$-4$.

2. On the classification of sub-Riemannian structures on a 5D two-step nilpotent Lie group

Rory Biggs ; Odirile Ntshudisane.
We classify the left-invariant sub-Riemannian structures on the unique five-dimensional simply connected two-step nilpotent Lie group with two-dimensional commutator subgroup; this 5D group is the first twostep nilpotent Lie group beyond the three-and five-dimensional Heisenberg groups. Alongside, we also present a classification, up to automorphism, of the subspaces of the associated Lie algebra (together with a complete set of invariants).


Aeran Kim.
In this article, we extend Z. H. Sun's congruences concerning Legendre polynomials P p−1 2 (x) to P p+1 2 (x) for odd prime p, which enables us to deduce some congruences resembling p+1 2 ∑ k=0 4pk + 4k 2 − 1 16 k (2k − 1) 2 (2k k)2 (mod p 2).

4. Dynamic Behavior of a Railway Track Under a Moving Wheel Load Modelled as a Sinusoidal Pulse

Mohammed Touati ; Nouzha Lamdouar ; Chakir Tajani.
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the train/track induced loads on the substructure by modelling the wheel, at each instant, as a moving sinusoidal pulse applied in a very short period of time. This assumption has the advantage of being more realistic as it reduces the impact of time on the load definition. To that end, mass, stiffness, and dumping matrices of an elementary section of track will be determined. As a result, the equations of motion of a section of track subjected to a sinusoidal pulse and a rectangular pulse respectively is concluded. Two numerical methods of resolution of that equation, depending on the nature of the dumping matrix, will be presented. The computation results will be compared in order to conclude about the relevance of that load model. This approach is used in order to assess the nature and the value of the loads received by the substructure.

5. On the Convergence of Random Fourier-Jacobi Series of Continuous functions

Partiswari Maharana ; Sabita Sahoo.
The interest in orthogonal polynomials and random Fourier series in numerous branches of science and a few studies on random Fourier series in orthogonal polynomials inspired us to focus on random Fourier series in Jacobi polynomials. In the present note, an attempt has been made to investigate the stochastic convergence of some random Jacobi series. We looked into the random series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty d_n r_n(\omega)\varphi_n(y)$ in orthogonal polynomials $\varphi_n(y)$ with random variables $r_n(\omega).$ The random coefficients $r_n(\omega)$ are the Fourier-Jacobi coefficients of continuous stochastic processes such as symmetric stable process and Wiener process. The $\varphi_n(y)$ are chosen to be the Jacobi polynomials and their variants depending on the random variables associated with the kind of stochastic process. The convergence of random series is established for different parameters $\gamma,\delta$ of the Jacobi polynomials with corresponding choice of the scalars $d_n$ which are Fourier-Jacobi coefficients of a suitable class of continuous functions. The sum functions of the random Fourier-Jacobi series associated with continuous stochastic processes are observed to be the stochastic integrals. The continuity properties of the sum functions are also discussed.

6. Structure of finite groups with restrictions on the set of conjugacy classes sizes

Ilya Gorshkov.
Let $N(G)$ be the set of conjugacy classes sizes of $G$. We prove that if $N(G)=\Omega\times \{1,n\}$ for specific set $\Omega$ of integers, then $G\simeq A\times B$ where $N(A)=\Omega$, $N(B)=\{1,n\}$, and $n$ is a power of prime.

7. Various notions of (co)simplicial (pre)sheaves

Timothy Hosgood.
The phrase "(co)simplicial (pre)sheaf" can be reasonably interpreted in multiple ways. In this survey we study how the various notions familiar to the author relate to one another. We end by giving some example applications of the most general of these notions.

8. Existence and uniqueness theorems for functional equations

Tamás Glavosits ; Zsolt Karácsony.
In this paper we give simple extension and uniqueness theorems for restricted additive and logarithmic functional equations.

9. Generalized curvature tensor and the hypersurfaces of the Hermitian manifold for the class of Kenmotsu type

Mohammed Y. Abass ; Habeeb M. Abood.
This paper determined the components of the generalized curvature tensor for the class of Kenmotsu type and established the mentioned class is {\eta}-Einstein manifold when the generalized curvature tensor is flat; the converse holds true under suitable conditions. It also introduced the notion of generalized {\Phi}-holomorphic sectional (G{\Phi}SH-) curvature tensor and thus found the necessary and sufficient conditions for the class of Kenmotsu type to be of constant G{\Phi}SH-curvature. In addition, the notion of {\Phi}-generalized semi-symmetric was introduced and its relationship with the class of Kenmotsu type and {\eta}-Einstein manifold established. Furthermore, this paper generalized the notion of the manifold of constant curvature and deduced its relationship with the aforementioned ideas. It finally showed that the class of Kenmotsu type exists as a hypersurface of the Hermitian manifold and derived a relation between the components of the Riemannian curvature tensors of the almost Hermitian manifold and its hypersurfaces.

10. On $\lambda-$ Pseudo bi-starlike functions related with Fibonacci numbers

Kaliyappan Vijaya ; Gangadharan Murugusundaramoorthy ; Hatun Özlem Güney.
In this paper we define a new subclass $\lambda$-bi-pseudo-starlike functions of $\Sigma$ related to shell-like curves connected with Fibonacci numbers and determine the initial Taylor-Maclaurin coefficients $|a_2|$ and $|a_3|$ for $f\in\mathcal{PSL}_{\Sigma}^\lambda(\tilde{p}(z)).$ Further we determine the Fekete-Szegö result for the function class $\mathcal{PSL}_{\Sigma}^\lambda(\tilde{p}(z))$ and for special cases, corollaries are stated which some of them are new and have not been studied so far.

11. A numerical technique for solving variable order time fractional differential-integro equations

Mohammadhossein Derakhshan.
In this manuscripts, we consider the coupled differential-integral equations including the variable-order Caputo fractional operator. To solve numerically these type of equations, we apply the shifted Jacobi-Gauss collocation scheme. Using this numerical method a system of algebraic equations is constructed. We solve this system with a recursive method in the nonlinear case and we solve it in linear case with algebraic formulas. Finally, for the high performance of the suggested method three Examples are illustrated.

12. Gradient estimates for a nonlinear elliptic equation on a smooth metric measure space

Xiaoshan Wang ; Linfen Cao.
Let (M, g, e −f dv) be a smooth metric measure space. We consider local gradient estimates for positive solutions to the following elliptic equation ∆ f u + au log u + bu = 0 where a, b are two real constants and f be a smooth function defined on M. As an application, we obtain a Liouville type result for such equation in the case a < 0 under the m-dimensions Bakry-Émery Ricci curvature.

13. Cyclicity of the 2-class group of the first Hilbert 2-class field of some number fields

A Azizi ; M Rezzougui ; A Zekhnini.
Let $\mathds{k}$ be a real quadratic number field. Denote by $\mathrm{Cl}_2(\mathds{k})$ its $2$-class group and by $\mathds{k}_2^{(1)}$ (resp. $\mathds{k}_2^{(2)}$) its first (resp. second) Hilbert $2$-class field. The aim of this paper is to study, for a real quadratic number field whose discriminant is divisible by one prime number congruent to $3$ modulo 4, the metacyclicity of $G=\mathrm{Gal}(\mathds{k}_2^{(2)}/\mathds{k})$ and the cyclicity of $\mathrm{Gal}(\mathds{k}_2^{(2)}/\mathds{k}_2^{(1)})$ whenever the rank of $\mathrm{Cl}_2(\mathds{k})$ is $2$, and the $4$-rank of $\mathrm{Cl}_2(\mathds{k})$ is $1$.

14. Results on $\mathrm{K}_1$ of general quadratic groups

Rabeya Basu ; Kuntal Chakraborty.
In the first part of this article we discuss the relative cases of Quillen-Suslin's local-global principle for the general quadratic (Bak's unitary) groups, and its applications for the (relative) stable and unstable $\mathrm{K}_1$-groups. The second part is dedicated to the graded version of the local-global principle for the general quadratic groups and its application to deduce a result for Bass' nil groups.

15. A recursive formula for the product of element orders of finite abelian groups

Subhrajyoti Saha.
Let G be a finite group and let ψ(G) denote the sum of element orders of G; later this concept has been used to define R(G) which is the product of the element orders of G. Motivated by the recursive formula for ψ(G), we consider a finite abelian group G and obtain a similar formula for R(G).

16. Matrix formulas for multiplicities in the spin module

Lucas Fresse ; Salah Mehdi.
We obtain inductive and enumerative formulas for the multiplicities of the weights of the spin module for the Clifford algebra of a Levi subalgebra in a complex semisimple Lie algebra. Our formulas involve only matrices and tableaux, and our techniques combine linear algebra, Lie theory, and combinatorics. Moreover, this suggests a relationship with complex nilpotent orbits. The case of the special linear Lie algebra $\mathfrak{sl}(n,{\mathbb C})$ is emphasized.

17. Note on geodesics of cotangent bundle with Berger-type deformed Sasaki metric over Kählerian manifold

Abderrahim Zagane.
In this paper, first, we introduce the Berger-type deformed Sasaki metric on the cotangent bundle $T^{\ast}M$ over a Kählerian manifold $(M^{2m}, J, g)$ and investigate the Levi-Civita connection of this metric. Secondly, we present the unit cotangent bundle equipped with Berger-type deformed Sasaki metric, and we investigate the Levi-Civita connection. Finally, we study the geodesics on the cotangent bundle and on unit cotangent bundle with respect to the Berger-type deformed Sasaki metric.

18. On biharmonic functions on vector bundles

Mohamed Tahar Kadaoui Abbassi ; Souhail Doua ; Ibrahim Lakrini.
This paper is devoted to the investigation of harmonic and biharmonic functions on vector bundles equipped with spherically symmetric metrics. We will study the biharmonicity of vertical lifts of functions as well as $r$-radial functions on vector bundle manifolds and, as a consequence, we will construct an infinite two-parameter family of proper biharmonic functions.